Report 02/2020: Runaway locomotive at Beddgelert, North Wales, 16 April 2019

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At around 09:17 hrs on 16 April 2019, a diesel locomotive was unable to stop as it descended a steep gradient into Beddgelert station on the Welsh Highland Railway, Gwynedd. After passing through the station at around 10 mph (16 km/h), the locomotive passed a signal at danger and then entered a single line section without authority. The driver tried various ways of applying more braking effort but was unable to slow the locomotive down. After travelling for around 1.7 km, the locomotive came to a halt when the gradient levelled out. The driver was uninjured, and no other train was on the line at the time.

The incident occurred because the locomotive’s brakes had been modified in a way that limited the movement of the brake blocks. This, the state of the adjustment of the brakes and the wet conditions on the day prevented the brakes applying the necessary brake force to slow the locomotive down. The issue with the brake system modification had remained undetected during the 18 years since the modification was made. The RAIB investigation found that the change to the locomotive’s brakes had not been adequately documented or controlled. RAIB observed that, although not causal to the incident, the locomotive did not have a documented brake inspection procedure, and the ‘deadman’ safety system was not enabled on the locomotive when the runaway occurred. RAIB also observed that the railway’s investigations of its incidents could be improved to better understand underlying systemic issues.


As a result of its investigation, RAIB has made three recommendations addressed to the Festiniog Railway Company that relate to:

  • improving its management of engineering change
  • ensuring its maintenance processes are documented and controlled
  • the use of the ‘deadman’ safety system

A fourth recommendation is addressed to the Heritage Railway Association to promote the distribution of this report’s findings to other heritage railways.

RAIB has also identified three learning points, reminding heritage railways of the importance of:

  • carefully assessing, checking and documenting safety critical modifications
  • understanding the risks associated with all safety critical systems and assessing existing control measures and dependence on human performance
  • thorough investigation of safety incidents, which can help to ensure that risk mitigation measures are appropriate and proportionate

Notes to editors

  1. The sole purpose of RAIB investigations is to prevent future accidents and incidents and improve railway safety. RAIB does not establish blame, liability or carry out prosecutions.

  2. RAIB operates, as far as possible, in an open and transparent manner. While our investigations are completely independent of the railway industry, we do maintain close liaison with railway companies and if we discover matters that may affect the safety of the railway, we make sure that information about them is circulated to the right people as soon as possible, and certainly long before publication of our final report.

  3. For media enquiries, please call 01932 440015.

Newsdate: 6 February 2020

Revision History:


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