The SVR is Russia’s civilian foreign intelligence service and is the successor organization to the KGB’s First Chief Directorate. It predominantly targets overseas governmental, diplomatic, think-tank, healthcare and energy targets for intelligence purposes. It is technologically advanced, developing capabilities to try to operate undetected against countries in Europe, NATO members and its near neighbours.

A compromise of SolarWinds IT services firm was discovered in December 2020. SolarWinds confirmed 18,000 organisations across the world including US Government departments were affected. The overall impact on the UK of the SVR’s exploitation of this software is low. National Cyber Security Centre (NCSC) advice on how to protect against this threat is available

The NCSC has assessed that it is highly likely Russia’s Foreign Intelligence Services are responsible for the compromise of SolarWinds software, Orion, and subsequent targeting. Further details on the framework used by the UK Government for all source intelligence assessments, including the probability yardstick, are available from here

SVR cyber actors are known and tracked in open source as:
Cozy Bear
The Dukes.

This incident is part of a pattern of behaviour by the SVR, which includes:

Date Incident Description
Ongoing since at least 2011 MFAs and MoD establishments in Europe and NATO member countries The SVR uses their access to governmental networks across Europe and NATO member countries to collect intelligence information, including that of ongoing geopolitical issues.
Ongoing since at least 2015 Targeting research institutes and think tanks. The SVR targeted research institutes and think tanks for intelligence collection.
2020 SolarWinds 18,000 organisations across the world including US Government departments’ were affected by the SVR compromising Solar Winds Orion software.

The UK government has previously exposed details of other parts of the Russia intelligence service conducting cyber operations.

With the information provided today, the UK government has exposed the following parts of the Russian cyber programme:

Russian Intelligence Services Cyber Structure

FSB – Federal Security Service SVR – Foreign Intelligence Service GRU – Military Intelligence
  Publicly known as: Apt29, CozyBear, The Dukes GRU 85th. Field post number 26165. Publicly known as Apt28, FancyBear, Strontium.
    GRU GTsST. Field post number 74455. Publicly known as Sandworm.

Revision History:

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Russia: UK exposes Russian involvement in SolarWinds cyber compromise

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